Antihistamines and the common cold: A review and critique of the literature

Denise Luks, Matthew R. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To determine if antihistamines provided clinically significant relief from the symptoms of the common cold. METHODS: Structured literature review following standardized guidelines of primary studies published after 1975. MEASUREMENTS: Improvements in symptom scores for total symptoms and nasal symptoms over the first three days of a common cold. RESULTS: Three of five studies reporting on sneezing found a statistically significant improvement in the antihistamine group; similarly, three of seven studies reporting on nasal discharge found a statistically significant improvement with therapy. No study reported improvement in total symptom score at the level of p < .05. The validity of these findings was weakened by several flaws in the literature such as inattention to clinical significance and functional impact, inappropriate use of statistical tests, and poorly described methodology. The clinical significance of these improvements was not demonstrated. CONCLUSIONS: The primary literature offers little support for the use of antihistamines in the common cold.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)240-244
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of general internal medicine
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

Keywords

  • antihistamines
  • common cold
  • literature review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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