Antibody to HIV-1, HTLV-I, and HCV in three populations of rural haitians

Jean Pierre Allain, William Hodges, Mark H. Einstein, John Geisler, Catherine Neilly, Stephen Delaney, Barbara Hodges, Helen Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

The seroprevalence of antibodies to HIV-1, HTLV-I, and HCV was evaluated in three populations from northern rural Haiti: 1,727 patients attending the hospital for symptoms suggestive of HIV disease, 228 consecutive surgical patients, and 500 pregnant women were tested. HIV-1 seroprevalence was 6.1 and 4.0% in the last two groups, respectively, and 39.3% in the symptomatic population. Associated symptoms of wasting, cough, and diarrhea and a clinical diagnosis of AIDS were significantly predictive of HIV-1 seroposi- tivity. Antibody to HTLV-I seroprevalence ranged from 2.2-5.3% in pregnant women, surgical patients, and HIV-seronegative symptomatic patients and was similar among the three groups when stratified by age. In contrast, HIV-1 seropositivity and HTLV-I seropositivity were significantly associated. The prevalence of confirmed antibody to HCV was low and not associated with either HIV-1 or HTLV-I seropositivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1230-1236
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Volume5
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1992
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • HCV
  • HIV-1
  • HTLV-I
  • Haiti
  • Tuberculosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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