Antibody to HIV-1, HTLV-I, and HCV in three populations of rural haitians

Jean Pierre Allain, William Hodges, Mark H. Einstein, John Geisler, Catherine Neilly, Stephen Delaney, Barbara Hodges, Helen Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The seroprevalence of antibodies to HIV-1, HTLV-I, and HCV was evaluated in three populations from northern rural Haiti: 1,727 patients attending the hospital for symptoms suggestive of HIV disease, 228 consecutive surgical patients, and 500 pregnant women were tested. HIV-1 seroprevalence was 6.1 and 4.0% in the last two groups, respectively, and 39.3% in the symptomatic population. Associated symptoms of wasting, cough, and diarrhea and a clinical diagnosis of AIDS were significantly predictive of HIV-1 seroposi- tivity. Antibody to HTLV-I seroprevalence ranged from 2.2-5.3% in pregnant women, surgical patients, and HIV-seronegative symptomatic patients and was similar among the three groups when stratified by age. In contrast, HIV-1 seropositivity and HTLV-I seropositivity were significantly associated. The prevalence of confirmed antibody to HCV was low and not associated with either HIV-1 or HTLV-I seropositivity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1230-1236
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Volume5
Issue number12
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Human T-lymphotropic virus 1
Rural Population
HIV-1
Antibodies
HIV Seropositivity
Seroepidemiologic Studies
Pregnant Women
HTLV-I Antibodies
HIV Seroprevalence
HIV
Haiti
Hepatitis C Antibodies
Cough
Diarrhea
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Population

Keywords

  • Haiti
  • HCV
  • HIV-1
  • HTLV-I
  • Tuberculosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Virology
  • Immunology and Allergy

Cite this

Allain, J. P., Hodges, W., Einstein, M. H., Geisler, J., Neilly, C., Delaney, S., ... Lee, H. (1992). Antibody to HIV-1, HTLV-I, and HCV in three populations of rural haitians. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 5(12), 1230-1236.

Antibody to HIV-1, HTLV-I, and HCV in three populations of rural haitians. / Allain, Jean Pierre; Hodges, William; Einstein, Mark H.; Geisler, John; Neilly, Catherine; Delaney, Stephen; Hodges, Barbara; Lee, Helen.

In: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, Vol. 5, No. 12, 1992, p. 1230-1236.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Allain, JP, Hodges, W, Einstein, MH, Geisler, J, Neilly, C, Delaney, S, Hodges, B & Lee, H 1992, 'Antibody to HIV-1, HTLV-I, and HCV in three populations of rural haitians', Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, vol. 5, no. 12, pp. 1230-1236.
Allain JP, Hodges W, Einstein MH, Geisler J, Neilly C, Delaney S et al. Antibody to HIV-1, HTLV-I, and HCV in three populations of rural haitians. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. 1992;5(12):1230-1236.
Allain, Jean Pierre ; Hodges, William ; Einstein, Mark H. ; Geisler, John ; Neilly, Catherine ; Delaney, Stephen ; Hodges, Barbara ; Lee, Helen. / Antibody to HIV-1, HTLV-I, and HCV in three populations of rural haitians. In: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes. 1992 ; Vol. 5, No. 12. pp. 1230-1236.
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