Anterior Temporal Lobectomy for Refractory Status Epilepticus in Herpes Simplex Encephalitis

Sarah K.B. Bick, Saef Izzy, Daniel B. Rubin, Sahar F. Zafar, Eric S. Rosenthal, Emad N. Eskandar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Herpes simplex virus (HSV) is a common cause of viral encephalitis that can lead to refractory seizures. The primary treatment of HSV encephalitis is with acyclovir; however, surgery sometimes plays a role in obtaining tissue diagnosis or decompression in cases with severe mass effect. We report a unique case in which anterior temporal lobectomy was successfully used to treat refractory status epilepticus in HSV encephalitis. Methods: Case report and review of the literature. Results: We report a case of a 60-year-old man with HSV encephalitis, who presented with seizures originating from the right temporal lobe refractory to maximal medical management. Right anterior temporal lobectomy was performed for the purpose of treatment of refractory status epilepticus and obtaining tissue diagnosis, with ultimate resolution of seizures and excellent functional outcome. Conclusions: We suggest that anterior temporal lobectomy should be considered in cases of HSV encephalitis with refractory status epilepticus with clear unilateral origin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)458-463
Number of pages6
JournalNeurocritical Care
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Epilepsy
  • HSV encephalitis
  • Status epilepticus
  • Temporal lobectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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