Annamycin (Ann) is a highly lipophilic anthracycline antibiotic that has been shown to circumvent MDR-I both in vitro and in vivo. A liposomal formulation of Ann is currently in phase 1 clinical trials. The multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP) has been found to be over-expressed in some human leukemias at relapse and to be a poor prognostic factor in neuroblastoma. We studied the in vitro cytotoxicity and the cellular uptake and efflux of Ann and doxorubicin (Dox) in 2 pairs of human cell lines, breast carcinoma MCF7 and small-cell lung cancer UMCC-1, and their MRP-expressing counterparts, MCF-7/VP and UMCC-I/VP. Resistance indexes were 1.1 and 1,4 for Ann vs. 6.9 and 11.6 for Dox. Ann cellular accumulation was 3- to 5-fold higher than that of Dox in both sensitive and resistant cells. No changes in drug efflux between sensitive and resistant cells were observed in the case of Ann, while Dox efflux at 1 hr was 20-25% higher in resistant than in sensitive cells. By confocal microscopy, the subcellular distribution of Ann was identical in sensitive and resistant cells, localizing mostly in the perinuclear structures, while that of Dox was exclusively nuclear in sensitive cells and nuclear and in the cell membrane in resistant cells. There was a good correlation between the extent of DNA breaks induced by each drug in the different cell lines and cytotoxic effect. Our results indicate that Ann may be effective in the treatment of malignancies in which MRP is a relevant mechanism of clinical resistance.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||International Journal of Cancer|
|State||Published - 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research