Inhibition of angiogenesis has emerged as a key focus for the treatment of cancer, necessitating a better understanding of the downstream molecular targets of angiogenesis inhibitors. Endostatin, thrombospondin-1, fumagillin, and its synthetic derivative, TNP-470, are potent inhibitors of endothelial cell proliferation and migration in culture and of angiogenesis in vivo. To identify targets that mediate the effects of these inhibitors, we compared two-dimensional gel electrophoresis patterns from lysates of treated and untreated human endothelial cells. Among the proteins identified were cofilin and hsp27, two proteins involved in actin dynamics. Western blotting and immunofluorescence experiments confirmed that the phosphorylation states and subcellular localization of these two proteins were affected by all of the inhibitors tested and that treated cells had a more extensive network of actin stress fibers and more numerous focal adhesion plaques compared with untreated cells. Endothelial monocyte activating polypeptide II, another angiogenesis inhibitor, elicited the same response in the actin cytoskeleton and focal adhesions of endothelial cells. This more adherent phenotype may explain the shared ability of these inhibitors to block endothelial migratory signals. Starting with a proteomics approach, we have identified common effector molecules used by a panel of angiogenesis inhibitors that perturb the cytoskeleton to prevent endothelial migration.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Oct 1 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research