The amygdalohippocampal transition area (AHi) has emerged as a critical nucleus of sociosexual behaviors such as mating, parenting, and aggression. The AHi has been overlooked in rodent and human amygdala studies until recently. The AHi is hypothesized to play a role in metabolic and cognitive functions as well as social behaviors based on its connectivity and molecular composition. The AHi is small nucleus rich in neuropeptide and hormone receptors and is contiguous with the ventral subiculum of the hippocampus—hence its designation as a “transition area”. Literature focused on the AHi can be difficult to interpret because of changing nomenclature and conflation with neighboring nuclei. Here we summarize what is currently known about AHi structure and development, connections throughout the brain, molecular composition, and functional significance. We aim to delineate current knowledge regarding the AHi, identify potential functions with supporting evidence, and ultimately make clear the importance of the AHi in sociosexual function.
- Amygdalohippocampal transition area
- Social behavior
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
- Cognitive Neuroscience
- Behavioral Neuroscience