Analysis of the pattern of initiation of sustained ventricular arrhythmias in patients with implantable defibrillators

Eric Taylor, Ronald Berger, John D. Hummel, Jay L. Dinerman, Bruce Kenknight, Amelia M. Arria, Gordon Tomaselli, Hugh Calkins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: The purpose of this study was to analyze the pattern of initiation of sustained ventricular arrhythmias in patients with varying types of underlying structural heart disease. Methods and Results: The study group consisted of 90 patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator. Cardiovascular diagnoses included coronary artery disease in 64 patients (71%). The patients were divided into four groups based on the type and severity of structural heart disease. Two hundred sixty episodes of sustained ventricular arrhythmias were analyzed. The mean coupling interval of the initiating beat of all ventricular arrhythmias was 523 ± 171 msec. The coupling interval of the initiating beat was longer in patients with impaired ventricular function, particularly those with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy. The prematurity index was similar regardless of the type of underlying structural heart disease. However, the prematurity index was shorter in patients with polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT) compared to those with monomorphic VT. A pause was observed more commonly before the onset of polymorphic VT/ventricular fibrillation than sustained monomorphic VT. Two hundred twenty-two (85%) of the arrhythmia episodes were initiated by a late-coupled premature beat, 33 (13%) were initiated by an early-coupled premature beat, and 5 episodes (2%) were initiated with a short-long-short sequence. The pattern of initiation of the ventricular arrhythmias was similar in all patient groups and for both monomorphic and polymorphic tachycardias. Conclusion: These findings demonstrate that sustained ventricular arrhythmias typically are initiated by late-coupled ventricular premature depolarizations, regardless of the type or severity of underlying structural heart disease or resultant arrhythmia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)719-726
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of cardiovascular electrophysiology
Volume11
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Implantable cardioverter defibrillator
  • Polymorphic ventricular tachycardia
  • Torsades de pointes
  • Ventricular tachycardia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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