Analysis of factors associated with outcome in patients with malignant peritoneal mesothelioma undergoing surgical debulking and intraperitoneal chemotherapy

Andrew L. Feldman, Steven K. Libutti, James F. Pingpank, David L. Bartlett, Tatiana H. Beresnev, Sharon M. Mavroukakis, Seth M. Steinberg, David J. Liewehr, David E. Kleiner, H. Richard Alexander

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

278 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Malignant mesothelioma (MM) arising in the peritoneal cavity is a rare neoplasm characterized by peritoneal progression and for which there are limited therapeutic options. We evaluated the peritoneal progression-free and overall survival (PFS and OS, respectively) for patients with peritoneal MM after surgical resection and regional chemotherapy. Patients and Methods: Forty-nine patients (28 males, 21 females; median age, 47 years; range, 16 to 76 years) with MM underwent laparotomy, tumor resection, continuous hyperthermic peritoneal perfusion with cisplatin (median dose 250 mg/m2), and a single postoperative intraperitoneal dwell of fluorouracil and paclitaxel (n = 35) on protocols approved by the Institutional Review Board. Standard techniques for actuarial analyses of potential prognostic variables (Kaplan-Meier method with two-tailed log-rank test and Cox proportional hazards model) were performed. Results: At a median potential follow-up of 28.3 months, median actuarial PFS is 17 months and actuarial OS is 92 months. Factors associated with improved PFS and OS by the Cox proportional hazards model were a history of previous debulking surgery, absence of deep tissue invasion, minimal residual disease after surgical resection (OS only), and age younger than 60 years (OS only). Conclusion: Surgical resection and regional chemotherapy for MM results in durable PFS and OS. Favorable outcome is associated with age, tumor biology (selection of patients with a history of previous debulking), lack of invasive tumor growth, and minimal residual disease after tumor resection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4560-4567
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume21
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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