Analysis of a pre-2017 follicular variant papillary thyroid carcinoma cohort reclassified as noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like features (NIFTP): a 11-year retrospective single institution experience

Shaham Beg, Sana Irfan Khan, Isabella Cui, Theresa Scognamiglio, Rema Rao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like features (NIFTP), represents a distinct class of thyroid neoplasms with very low risk of adverse outcome and a set of strict histologic criteria. Introduction of NIFTP as a non-cancer has had an appreciable decrease in risk of malignancy and body of literature on this entity continues to grow. In this study, we reviewed clinical, fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), imaging, and molecular findings of histologically proven NIFTPs at our institution. Materials and methods: Thyroid resections during an 11-year period, with histologic diagnosis of follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (FVPTC), were retrospectively reviewed to identify NIFTP. Ultrasonographic appearance, FNA findings, and molecular findings were also reviewed. Results: Of 244 cases of FVPTC identified, 74 (30%) cases were reclassified as NIFTP. Mean tumor size was 2.5 cm. Of 33 patients with lymph node dissection, none had lymph node metastases. On imaging, 36 NIFTP (49%) showed vascularity, 25 (33%) were isoechoic to hypoechoic, there were calcifications in 14 cases (19%), and 7 cases (9%) showed a hypoechoic rim. Bethesda III/IV was the most common interpretation rendered on FNAC (31%). Seven cases had NRAS mutations and 1 case had BRAF V600E mutation. The remaining cases were either negative for BRAF V600E or had no identifiable molecular alterations. Conclusions: A significant percentage of tumors previously diagnosed as FVPTC were reclassified as NIFTP. This tumor cannot be reliably diagnosed preoperatively on FNAC, shows no characteristic features on ultrasound and has low suspicion of malignancy. BRAF V600E mutations are infrequent in NIFTP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of the American Society of Cytopathology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Cytology
  • FVPTC
  • Molecular
  • NIFTP
  • Sequencing
  • Thyroid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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