An Evaluation of the Readability and Content-Quality of Pelvic Organ Prolapse YouTube Transcripts

Amber S. Herbert, Amy Nemirovsky, Deborah S. Hess, Dawn Walter, Nitya E. Abraham, Stacy Loeb, Rena D. Malik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the readability, quality, and accuracy of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) YouTube transcripts. Methods: We analyzed the readability of written transcripts for the first 100 YouTube videos about “Pelvic Organ Prolapse.” Transcripts were excluded if they lacked narration in English or contained both no text and no audio. Readability was evaluated using an online software (www.readabilityformulas.com) to determine reading grade levels. The quality of videos was scored using the DISCERN quality criteria and the Patient Education Materials Assessment Tool. Accuracy was assessed by comparing content to accepted POP treatment guidelines. Results: The median grade level of all 100 videos was 12.6. High quality transcripts or transcripts that discuss the benefits, risk, alternative treatments, and quality of life had a median readability score of 12.5. Transcripts with low misinformation (85%) had a higher median readability index (12.6), than transcripts containing high misinformation (12.2). More than 20% of transcripts discussed shared decision-making. The median readability index for videos with a high Patient Education Materials Assessment Tool score (>75%) for understandability and actionability were both 12.6. Conclusion: Transcripts of POP YouTube videos are written at difficult levels with many transcripts exceeding the reading capabilities of the American population. The majority of good transcripts or transcripts with high quality content, low misinformation, shared decision-making, no commercial bias, and understandable and actionable content were written at a high school level or above. Efforts should be made to avoid complex terms when creating patient focused content and helping patients navigate to content of appropriate literacy online.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalUrology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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