Purpose: We examined health related quality of life in adolescents with congenital urological disease causing kidney disease using a generic health related quality of life instrument. We then compared the results to those in adolescents with medical kidney disease and to population based norms. Materials and Methods: The Child Health and Illness Profile-Adolescent Edition was administered to 113 patients 10 to 18 years old with chronic kidney disease. Mean domain and subdomain scores for adolescents with urological disease were compared to those of adolescents with medical kidney disease and to population based norms. Results: The cohort included adolescents with an underlying diagnosis of congenital urological anomaly (37 patients) or other causes of kidney disease (76). Compared to adolescents with kidney disease caused by other factors, those with congenital urological disease scored statistically significantly better in the Child Health and Illness Profile-Adolescent Edition subdomain of Limitations of Activity (mean 22.3 [SD 2.5] vs 20.4 [SD 5.0], p = 0.04). Compared to population norms, adolescents with congenital disorders scored lower in the Disorders domain (mean 16.5, 95% CI 14.2 to 18.9) but better in the Risks domain (mean 25.9, 95% CI 25.1 to 26.6) and in the Home Safety and Health subdomain (mean 25.2, 95% CI 23.7 to 26.6). Conclusions: As assessed by the Child Health and Illness Profile-Adolescent Edition generic health status questionnaire, adolescents with kidney disease due to underlying congenital urological disease had fewer limitations of activity compared to those with underlying medical kidney disease. Except for low scores in the Disorders domain, children with underlying urological disease did not have significant impairments in any other domain compared to population based norms.
- congenital, hereditary, and neonatal diseases and abnormalities
- quality of life
- renal insufficiency
ASJC Scopus subject areas