Purpose: The purpose of the study was to evaluate an adult health care program model for emerging adults with type 1 diabetes transitioning from pediatric to adult care. Methods: Evaluation of the Pediatric to Adult Diabetes Transition Clinic at the University of Pennsylvania included a cohort of 72 emerging adults with type 1 diabetes, ages 18 to 25 years. Data were extracted from transfer summaries and the electronic medical record, including sociodemographic, clinical, and follow-up characteristics. Pre- and postprogram assessment at 6 months included mean daily blood glucose monitoring frequency (BGMF) and glycemic control (A1C). Paired t tests were used to examine change in outcomes from baseline to 6 months, and multiple linear regression was utilized to adjust outcomes for baseline A1C or BGMF, sex, diabetes duration, race, and insulin regimen. Open-ended survey responses were used to assess acceptability amongst participants. Results: From baseline to 6 months, mean A1C decreased by 0.7% (8 mmol/mol), and BGMF increased by 1 check per day. Eighty-eight percent of participants attended ≥2 visits in 6 months, and the program was rated highly by participants and providers (pediatric and adult). Conclusions: This study highlights the promise of an adult health care program model for pediatric to adult diabetes transition.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Health Professions (miscellaneous)