Amiodarone is associated with increased short-term mortality in elderly atrial fibrillation patients with preserved ejection fraction

Weijia Li, Yu Chiang Wang, Nidhish Tiwari, Luigi Di Biase

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Amiodarone is commonly used in atrial fibrillation (AF). Long-term use of amiodarone is associated with significant toxicities especially in elderly patients. However, in the short term after hospitalization of AF, it remains uncertain whether the use of amiodarone will increase mortality. We aim to investigate whether Amiodarone affects short-term mortality in elderly patients after hospitalization for atrial fibrillation. Methods: We conducted a single-center retrospective cohort study including patients (Age > = 60 years old) who were hospitalized between 07/01/2004 and 06/30/2019 with primary diagnosis of AF and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) > = 50%. Patients who were prescribed amiodarone during hospitalization but not before hospitalization are classified into Amiodarone group (341 patients). Patients who were not prescribed amiodarone are classified into non-amiodarone group (2171 patients). Propensity score matching was performed with 1:1 nearest-neighbor matching of Amiodarone group and Non-amiodarone group based on baseline variables. Univariate and Multivariate logistic regression were used to calculate the odds ratio of amiodarone use on in-hospital mortality, and multivariate cox regression was adopted to calculate the hazard ratio of amiodarone use on 100-day mortality. Results: Patients’ baseline demographic and clinical characteristics were well matched in both groups. Both univariate and multivariate logistic regression showed amiodarone group had higher in-hospital mortality (OR 10.27, p = 0.0268; 16.50, p = 0.0171) than non-amiodarone group and multivariate Cox regression suggested increased 100-day all-cause mortality (HR 2.34, p = 0.022). Conclusion: Amiodarone use in elderly patients with preserved ejection fraction is associated with increased in-hospital and 100-day all-cause mortality after hospitalization for AF.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • All-cause mortality
  • Amiodarone
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Elderly
  • Preserved ejection fraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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