Supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) is a frequent cause of tachyarrhythmia in infants < 1 year of age and ambulatory cardiac monitoring is an important tool for diagnosis and follow-up of these patients. We retrospectively reviewed 594 infants (mean age 4.05 months, SD 3.55; 54% M) who underwent ambulatory cardiac monitoring (69% 24 h Holter, 31% extended monitor) through the Pocket ECG system (MediLynx) between January 2016 and July 2020. 170 patients who had the ICD-10 code I47.1 for SVT used at enrollment were analyzed separately. 49 (8.3%) patients had sustained SVT or non-sustained SVT (nSVT) during the study period, including 20 patients (11.8%) who had the ICD-10 code I47.1 at enrollment. Extended ambulatory cardiac monitors detected 61% of all patients with nSVT or SVT and was superior when compared to 24 h Holter (p < 0.0001). In the overall group, the first episode of SVT or nSVT was detected within 24 h of monitoring in 40/49 patients (82%). 48/49 patients (98%) were diagnosed within a week of monitoring and the single remaining patient was diagnosed with nSVT at day 15 of monitoring. There was no significant difference in minimal, maximal, and average heart rate between patients with and without ICD-10 code I47.1 at enrollment or between patients with and without SVT or nSVT. Despite their low yield, ambulatory cardiac monitors are an important diagnostic tool. The ideal length of monitoring in patients with known or suspected SVT has yet to be defined, although all patients in our cohort were identified by day 15 of monitoring.
- Pediatric cardiology
- Supraventricular tachycardia
- Ventricular tachycardia
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine