Objective Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Hypertension (HTN) and nondipping are modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Limited studies are available for childhood-onset SLE (cSLE). We aimed to assess ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) pattern in cSLE patients with normal office blood pressure. Methods This cross-sectional single-center study enrolled 25 patients with cSLE, normal office blood pressure and normal renal function. We performed 24-hour ABPM and echocardiography to assess end-organ damage. Descriptive statistics were obtained, and comparison of variables using Fisher exact test, t test, and Mann-Whitney U test was performed to identify potential risk factors for nondipping. Results Of the 25 patients, 22 were women; the median age was 18 years (interquartile range, 16-20 years). Median SLE duration was 4.2 years (interquartile range, 2.9-8.1 years); 18 patients had a history of lupus nephritis (LN). Four patients, 3 of whom had LN, had masked HTN. Fourteen patients (56%) were nondipping. The majority of patients without LN (71%) had a nondipping profile. Echocardiography was done for 15 patients. Left ventricular mass index, relative wall thickness, and ejection fraction were normal in all patients. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring results led to changes in therapy in 5 patients. Conclusion Our data provide evidence of high prevalence of nondipping and masked HTN in patients with cSLE, even in patients without LN. Identifying ABPM abnormalities in these patients could potentially improve outcomes.
- ambulatory blood pressure monitoring
- childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus
- masked hypertension
ASJC Scopus subject areas