Alternatively spliced variants of the human hepatic asialoglycoprotein receptor, H2, differ in cellular trafficking and regulation of phosphorylation

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Abstract

The less abundant subunit of the asialoglycoprotein receptor, H2, may be encoded by at least four variant transcripts as a result of alternative mRNA splicing. We had cloned two H2-cDNAs that differed predominantly by the presence (clone H2′) or absence (clone L-H2) of two presumed exons; one of 57 nucleotides was near the 5′ end of the sequence, and the other was within the transmembrane region consisting of 15 nucleotides. The relevance of these two segments to H2 processing was studied after expression in rat-6 fibroblasts of these two isolates and of artificial constructs containing either only the 57-nucleotide (transfectant-57) or the 15-nucleotide (transfectant-15) region. H2 proteins encoded by cDNAs containing the 15-nucleotide region were intracellularly retained and degraded independently of the presence of the 57-nucleotide sequence. Of proteins derived from clones lacking the 15-nucleotide region, only a fraction was processed through the trans-Golgi, as evidenced by sensitivity to O-glycanase and neuraminidase, and reached the cell surface. The presence of the 57-nucleotide sequence was necessary for protein phosphorylation. Phosphorylation of serine residue(s) was detected in the endoglycosidase H-sensitive and mature forms of H2 protein encoded by transfectant-57. Since the 57-nucleotide region does not encode for serine residues, it per se cannot be the site of phosphorylation but rather constitutes a regulatory element for post-translational modification.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11078-11084
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume267
Issue number16
StatePublished - Jun 5 1992

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Asialoglycoprotein Receptor
Phosphorylation
Nucleotides
Clone Cells
Serine
Proteins
Complementary DNA
Glycoside Hydrolases
Alternative Splicing
Neuraminidase
Post Translational Protein Processing
Exons
Fibroblasts
Rats
Messenger RNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Alternatively spliced variants of the human hepatic asialoglycoprotein receptor, H2, differ in cellular trafficking and regulation of phosphorylation",
abstract = "The less abundant subunit of the asialoglycoprotein receptor, H2, may be encoded by at least four variant transcripts as a result of alternative mRNA splicing. We had cloned two H2-cDNAs that differed predominantly by the presence (clone H2′) or absence (clone L-H2) of two presumed exons; one of 57 nucleotides was near the 5′ end of the sequence, and the other was within the transmembrane region consisting of 15 nucleotides. The relevance of these two segments to H2 processing was studied after expression in rat-6 fibroblasts of these two isolates and of artificial constructs containing either only the 57-nucleotide (transfectant-57) or the 15-nucleotide (transfectant-15) region. H2 proteins encoded by cDNAs containing the 15-nucleotide region were intracellularly retained and degraded independently of the presence of the 57-nucleotide sequence. Of proteins derived from clones lacking the 15-nucleotide region, only a fraction was processed through the trans-Golgi, as evidenced by sensitivity to O-glycanase and neuraminidase, and reached the cell surface. The presence of the 57-nucleotide sequence was necessary for protein phosphorylation. Phosphorylation of serine residue(s) was detected in the endoglycosidase H-sensitive and mature forms of H2 protein encoded by transfectant-57. Since the 57-nucleotide region does not encode for serine residues, it per se cannot be the site of phosphorylation but rather constitutes a regulatory element for post-translational modification.",
author = "Paietta, {Elisabeth M.} and Stockert, {Richard J.} and Janis Racevskis",
year = "1992",
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T1 - Alternatively spliced variants of the human hepatic asialoglycoprotein receptor, H2, differ in cellular trafficking and regulation of phosphorylation

AU - Paietta, Elisabeth M.

AU - Stockert, Richard J.

AU - Racevskis, Janis

PY - 1992/6/5

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N2 - The less abundant subunit of the asialoglycoprotein receptor, H2, may be encoded by at least four variant transcripts as a result of alternative mRNA splicing. We had cloned two H2-cDNAs that differed predominantly by the presence (clone H2′) or absence (clone L-H2) of two presumed exons; one of 57 nucleotides was near the 5′ end of the sequence, and the other was within the transmembrane region consisting of 15 nucleotides. The relevance of these two segments to H2 processing was studied after expression in rat-6 fibroblasts of these two isolates and of artificial constructs containing either only the 57-nucleotide (transfectant-57) or the 15-nucleotide (transfectant-15) region. H2 proteins encoded by cDNAs containing the 15-nucleotide region were intracellularly retained and degraded independently of the presence of the 57-nucleotide sequence. Of proteins derived from clones lacking the 15-nucleotide region, only a fraction was processed through the trans-Golgi, as evidenced by sensitivity to O-glycanase and neuraminidase, and reached the cell surface. The presence of the 57-nucleotide sequence was necessary for protein phosphorylation. Phosphorylation of serine residue(s) was detected in the endoglycosidase H-sensitive and mature forms of H2 protein encoded by transfectant-57. Since the 57-nucleotide region does not encode for serine residues, it per se cannot be the site of phosphorylation but rather constitutes a regulatory element for post-translational modification.

AB - The less abundant subunit of the asialoglycoprotein receptor, H2, may be encoded by at least four variant transcripts as a result of alternative mRNA splicing. We had cloned two H2-cDNAs that differed predominantly by the presence (clone H2′) or absence (clone L-H2) of two presumed exons; one of 57 nucleotides was near the 5′ end of the sequence, and the other was within the transmembrane region consisting of 15 nucleotides. The relevance of these two segments to H2 processing was studied after expression in rat-6 fibroblasts of these two isolates and of artificial constructs containing either only the 57-nucleotide (transfectant-57) or the 15-nucleotide (transfectant-15) region. H2 proteins encoded by cDNAs containing the 15-nucleotide region were intracellularly retained and degraded independently of the presence of the 57-nucleotide sequence. Of proteins derived from clones lacking the 15-nucleotide region, only a fraction was processed through the trans-Golgi, as evidenced by sensitivity to O-glycanase and neuraminidase, and reached the cell surface. The presence of the 57-nucleotide sequence was necessary for protein phosphorylation. Phosphorylation of serine residue(s) was detected in the endoglycosidase H-sensitive and mature forms of H2 protein encoded by transfectant-57. Since the 57-nucleotide region does not encode for serine residues, it per se cannot be the site of phosphorylation but rather constitutes a regulatory element for post-translational modification.

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