Interaction of positively charged liposomes with Ehrlich ascites tumor cells increases the bidirectional transmembrane fluxes of the anionic folic acid analog, methotrexate. Negative liposomes reduce methotrexate influx. Stimulation of methotrexate influx by positively charged liposomes is time and concentration dependent, requiring at least a 5-min incubation with 2.5 mm phosphatidylcholine containing 20% stearylamine for maximum effect. Stimulation is not appreciably reversed by washing the cells. Similar increases are observed for influx and efflux so that there is no change in the steady-state methotrexate electrochemical-potential difference across the cell membrane. The increase in influx appears to be a stimulation of the carrier-mediated transport process for methotrexate since both control and stimulated influx are abolished by the competitive inhibitor, 5-formyltetrahydrofolate or the sulfhydryl group inhibitor, p-chloromercuriphenylsulfonic acid and the Q10 of the system remains unchanged. Influx of 5-methyltetrahydrofolate, which shares the same transport carrier as methotrexate, is also stimulated. However, the transport of folic acid, which is structurally similar to methotrexate but does not utilize the carrier, is unaffected. The kinetic change induced by positively charged liposomes is an increase in the Vmain, while the Ktin remains unchanged. Trans-stimulation of methotrexate influx by 5-formyltetrahydrofolate occurs to the same extent in the presence or absence of positively charged liposomes. The liposomes have no apparent effect on the intracellular water, the extracellular space, or the chloride distribution ratio. The data suggest that interaction of positively charged liposomes with Ehrlich ascites tumor cells accelerates the rate of transposition of the membrane carrier system for methotrexate, altering the kinetics of transport without a change in transport thermodynamics.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology