alpha-Secondary tritium kinetic isotope effects ranging from 1.17 to 1.26 were measured for the hydrolysis of alpha-D-glucopyranosyl fluoride (forming beta-D-glucose) catalyzed by several glucoamylases and a glucodextranase. These results indicate that cleavage of the C-F bond is slow and that the enzymic transition state has significant oxo-carbonium ion character. Strong support for this conclusion is provided by the agreement found in the case of Rhizopus niveus glucoamylase (alpha-TV/K 1.26; Km 26 mM) between measured values of the alpha-secondary deuterium kinetic isotope effects (alpha-DV/K 1.16; alpha-DV 1.20) and those calculated from the tritium isotope effect. The data are consistent with the promotion of an intramolecular elimination of fluoride by the present exo-alpha-glucanases based on their ability to stabilize, perhaps with a counter ion, the development of a carbonium ion-like transition state. Although the oxo-carbonium ion is formally denoted as an intermediate it could represent a transition state along a reaction pathway to a covalent glucosyl intermediate.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||The Journal of biological chemistry|
|State||Published - May 25 1989|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology