Carcinoma in situ (CIS) of the bladder has recently been proposed to be a heterogeneous group of diseases with varied histogenesis and biological behavior. In this study, we describe the sequential steps of CIS development and progression in a transgenic mouse model expressing low levels of the SV40 large T antigen. We found that CIS in transgenic mice arose from urothelial dysplasia, that CIS could persist for an extended period of time without invasion, and that the majority of CIS eventually evolved into high-grade, superficial, papillary tumors before a small fraction of them advanced to invasion/metastasis. A genome-wide search of chromosomal imbalances by comparative genomic hybridization revealed that 9 of 11 (82%) of CIS had losses on chromosome 11. Southern blotting demonstrated the allelic loss of the p53 gene, which resides on mouse chromosome 11, in four comparative genomic hybridization-tested tumors and 10 of 11 (91%) additional CIS examined. Consistent with the reduced p53 gene dosage because of the allelic loss and the functional inactivation of p53 protein of the remaining allele by SV40T antigen, there was a dramatic decrease in CIS of Mdm-2, a major p53 target. In contrast, the level of p21, another p53 target, was largely unaltered, suggesting that p21 expression can be regulated by p53-independent mechanisms. These results delineate the early stages of bladder tumorigenesis and suggest that he loss of a p53-bearing chromosome is an early event in bladder tumorgenesis and is crucial for the genesis and the maintenance, but not the progression, of bladder CIS. On the basis of our current and previous transgenic studies, we have proposed an integrated pathway progression model of bladder cancer.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research