Age dependence of homosynaptic non-NMDA mediated long-term depression in field CA1 of rat hippocampal slices

Libor Velíšek, Solomon L. Moshé, Patric K. Stanton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

It has been hypothesized that high levels of presynaptic activity that fail to activate postsynaptic N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors may lead to long-term depression (LTD). Therefore, we tested the ability of high-frequency (50 Hz) synaptic stimulation in the presence of a blocker of NMDA receptors to elicit homosynaptic LTD at Schaffer collateral-CA1 synapses in hippocampal slices from 15-, 30- and 60-day-old rats. In control slices, there were no developmental differences in the incidence of long-term potentiation (LTP) of either EPSP slope or population spike amplitude. However, while NMDA receptor blockade with the specific antagonist d-2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid (AP5; 25 μM) completely eliminated LTP in 30 and 60-day-olds, a significant number of slices from 15-day-old rats displayed some non-NMDA LTP of synaptic transmission. Moreover, under NMDA receptor blockade, the same high-frequency stimulation now induced homosynaptic LTD of population spike amplitude in a significant number of slices from 15- and 60-day-old rats (47% and 42%, respectively) but not in 30-day-olds (7%). LTD of population spike amplitude was most pronounced in 15-day-old slices (27 ± 6% of baseline), whereas, in 60-day-old slices, LTD was 81 ± 3% of baseline. LTD of EPSP slopes occurred in 44% of 15-day-olds, 13% of 30-day-olds, and 33% of slices from 60-day-old rats; the magnitude of EPSP was similar in 15 and 60-day-old slices (70 ± 9% versus 81 ± 1% of baseline). Our findings indicate that: (i) substantial non-NMDA LTD can be unmasked when NMDA receptors are blocked in slices from 15- and 60-day-old rats; (ii) during development, non-NMDA LTD is largest in the immature (15-day-old) hippocampus; and (iii) a part of LTP in 15-day-old slices is also independent of NMDA receptor activation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)253-260
Number of pages8
JournalDevelopmental Brain Research
Volume75
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 1993

Keywords

  • 2-Amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid
  • Development
  • Hippocampus
  • Long-term depression
  • Long-term potentiation
  • N-Methyl-d-aspartate
  • Ontogeny
  • Synaptic plasticity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Developmental Biology

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