Aerosol vs injected epinephrine in acute asthma

Lawrence B. Pliss, E. John Gallagher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Twenty-five patients with acute asthma were randomized prospectively into one of two double-blind treatment regimens: regimen 1 consisted of subcutaneous epinephrine combined with aerosol placebo; regimen 2 consisted of aerosol epinephrine with injected placebo. In patients with severe airway obstruction (peak expiratory flow rate ≤ 120, or ≤ 25% of predicted normal), parenteral epinephrine was superior to aerosol (P < 0.005) at the end of one hour. However, in patients with mild to moderate asthma (PEFR>120), injected and inhaled epinephrine were of equal efficacy, with the aerosol producing fewer side effects (P < 0.001).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)353-355
Number of pages3
JournalAnnals of emergency medicine
Volume10
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1981

Keywords

  • asthma
  • asthma treatment
  • epinephrine
  • treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine

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