Advanced glycation endproduct-modified superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD1)-positive inclusions are common to familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients with SOD1 gene mutations and transgenic mice expressing human SOD1 with a G85R mutation

S. Kato, Seiko Horiuchi, Jian Liu, Don W. Cleveland, Noriyuki Shibata, Kenji Nakashima, Ryoji Nagai, Asao Hirano, Miki Takikawa, Masako Kato, Imaharu Nakano, Eisaku Ohama

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59 Scopus citations


To clarify the biological significance of the neuronal Lewy body-like hyaline inclusions and astrocytic hyaline inclusions characteristically found in patients with familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis with superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD1) gene mutations and in transgenic mice expressing human SOD1 with G85R mutation, the detailed protein composition in both types of inclusions was immunohistochemically analyzed using 45 different antibodies. Both types of inclusions had very strong immunoreactivity for SOD1. The SOD1-positive inclusions in both cell types were also immunoreactive for the insoluble advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) such as N(ε)-(carboxymethyl)lysine (CML), pyrraline and pentosidine: both inclusions in both conditions were ultrastructurally composed of the granule-coated fibrils that had immunoreactivities to CML and pyrraline. Both types of inclusions were negative for stress-response proteins (SRPs), 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE), acrolein, nitric oxide synthases (NOSs) and nitrotyrosine as representative markers of oxidative stress. The neurons and astrocytes of the normal individuals and non-transgenic mice showed no significant immunoreactivity for SOD1, AGEs, SRPs, HNE, acrolein, NOSs or nitrotyrosine. Our results suggest that a portion of the SOD1 composing both type of inclusions, probably toxic mutant SOD1, is modified by the AGEs, and that the formation of the AGE-modified SOD1 is one of the mechanisms responsible for the aggregation involving no significant oxidative mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)490-505
Number of pages16
JournalActa neuropathologica
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 28 2000



  • Advanced glycation endproducts
  • Familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • G85R transgenic mice
  • Granule-coated fibrils
  • Superoxide dismutase-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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