The incidence of HIV infection has increased to alarming proportions among minority youth, in particular among young men who have sex with men and among teenage girls. The unique socioeconomic, behavioral, and emotional vulnerability of adolescents for sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV, requires early identification of HIV infection for linkage to care. Differences in the clinical and psychosocial presentations of youth with perinatally versus behavioral acquired HIV infection are important and influence the acceptance of illness, self-efficacy, and antiretroviral treatment adherence. The ideal multidisciplinary team approach of culturally sensitive services for youth integrates clinical care, psychosocial and peer support interventions, transition planning, primary and secondary prevention, as well as comprehensive reproductive adolescent health services.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases