Adenovirus-mediated transfer of a modified human proinsulin gene reverses hyperglycemia in diabetic mice

Daniel K. Short, Shuichi Okada, Keishi Yamauchi, Jeffrey E. Pessin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

The human proinsulin cDNA was introduced into a replication-defective adenovirus and was found to confer proinsulin expression to a hepatocyte (H4- II-E) cell line upon infection. A second virus was constructed in which the dibasic prohormone convertase recognition sequence was mutated to a tetrabasic furin cleavage site. Cells infected with this virus synthesized both proinsulin and mature insulin. Gel filtration chromatography, competition of insulin binding, and activation of the insulin receptor kinase activity demonstrated that this mature insulin was functionally identical to that of authentic processed insulin. Injection of these viral constructs into the external jugular vein of mice resulted in insulin gene expression in the liver. Expression from the mutated proinsulin virus dramatically improved the glycemic state of diabetic mice. However, the effects of the viral infection were transient, being maximal at ~5-7 days and returning to steady-state levels by 14-21 days. These data demonstrate that somatic cell insulin gene delivery by the use of recombinant adenovirus can be used to transiently reverse the diabetic state in mice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E748-E756
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume275
Issue number5 38-5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998

Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Furin
  • Gene therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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