Adapting psychosocial intervention research to urban primary care environments: A case example

Luis H. Zayas, Melissa D. McKee, Katherine R B Jankowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: We wanted to describe the unique issues encountered by our research team in testing an intervention to reduce perinatal depression in real-world community health centers. METHOD: We used a case study of an experience in conducting a randomized controlled trial designed to test the effectiveness of a low-cost multimodal psychosocial intervention to reduce prenatal and postpartum depression. Low-income minority women (N = 187) with low-risk pregnancies were randomly assigned to the intervention or treatment as usual. Outcomes of interest were depressive symptoms and social support assessed at 3 months' postpartum. RESULTS: Our intervention was not associated with changes in depressive symptoms or social support. Challenges in implementation were related to participant retention and intervention delivery. Turnover of student therapists affected continuity in participant-therapist relationships and created missed opportunities to deliver the intervention. The academic-community partnership that was formed also required more involvement of health center personnel to facilitate ownership at the site level, especially for fidelity monitoring. While attentive to cultural sensitivity, the project called for more collaboration with participants to define common goals and outcomes. Participatory research strategies could have anticipated barriers to uptake of the intervention and achieved a better match between outcomes desired by researchers and those of participants. CONCLUSION: Several criteria for future research planning emerged: assessing what the population is willing and able to accept, considering what treatment providers can be expected to implement, assessing the setting's capacity to accommodate intervention research, and collecting and using emerging unanticipated data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)504-508
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of Family Medicine
Volume2
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2004

Fingerprint

Primary Health Care
Depression
Social Support
Research
Community Health Centers
Postpartum Depression
Ownership
Health Personnel
Postpartum Period
Randomized Controlled Trials
Research Personnel
Students
Costs and Cost Analysis
Pregnancy
Therapeutics
Population
Global Health

Keywords

  • Intervention research, primary health care
  • Mental health
  • Perinatal depression
  • Psychosocial treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Family Practice

Cite this

Adapting psychosocial intervention research to urban primary care environments : A case example. / Zayas, Luis H.; McKee, Melissa D.; Jankowski, Katherine R B.

In: Annals of Family Medicine, Vol. 2, No. 5, 09.2004, p. 504-508.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zayas, Luis H. ; McKee, Melissa D. ; Jankowski, Katherine R B. / Adapting psychosocial intervention research to urban primary care environments : A case example. In: Annals of Family Medicine. 2004 ; Vol. 2, No. 5. pp. 504-508.
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