Acute respiratory distress syndrome after in-hospital cardiac arrest

Jenny A. Shih, Hannah K. Robertson, Mahmoud S. Issa, Anne V. Grossestreuer, Michael W. Donnino, Katherine M. Berg, Ari Moskowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is common and associated with worse outcomes. In the hospital setting, there are many potential risk factors for post-arrest ARDS, such as aspiration, sepsis, and shock. ARDS after in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) has not been characterized. Methods: We performed a single-center retrospective study of adult patients admitted to the hospital between 2014–2018 who suffered an IHCA, achieved return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), and were either already intubated at the time of arrest or within 2 hours of ROSC. Post-IHCA ARDS was defined as meeting the Berlin criteria in the first 3 days following ROSC. Outcomes included alive-and-ventilator free days across 28 days, hospital length-of-stay, hospital mortality, and hospital disposition. Results: Of 203 patients included, 146 (71.9%) developed ARDS. In unadjusted analysis, patients with ARDS had fewer alive-and-ventilator-free days over 28 days with a median of 1 (IQR: 0, 21) day, compared to 18 (IQR: 0, 25) days in patients without ARDS (p = 0.03). However, this association was not significant after multivariate adjustment. There was also a non-significant longer hospital length-of-stay (15 [IQR: 7, 26] vs 10 [IQR: 7, 22] days, p = 0.25; median adjusted increase in ARDS patients: 3 [95% CI: −2 to 8] days, p = 0.27) and higher hospital mortality (53% vs 44%, p = 0.26; aOR 1.6 [95% CI: 0.8–2.9], p = 0.17) in the ARDS group. Conclusion: Among IHCA patients, almost three-quarters developed ARDS within 3 days of ROSC. As in out of hospital cardiac arrest, post-IHCA ARDS is common.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)78-84
Number of pages7
JournalResuscitation
Volume177
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2022

Keywords

  • ARDS
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Resuscitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Emergency
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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