Acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery: is minocycline protective?

Ladan Golestaneh, Kathryn Lindsey, Pooja Malhotra, Faraj Kargoli, Emily Farkas, Hendrick Barner, Rizwan Qazi, Anna Schmidt, Michael Rauchman, Ziyad Al-Aly, Robert Johnson, Kevin Martin, Pierre Dagher, Allon Friedman, Tarek M. El-Achkar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and objectives: Acute kidney injury (AKI) after cardiac bypass surgery (CABG) is common and carries a significant association with morbidity and mortality. Since minocycline therapy attenuates kidney injury in animal models of AKI, we tested its effects in patients undergoing CABG. Design, setting, participants and measurements: This is a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled, multi-center study. We screened high risk patients who were scheduled to undergo CABG in two medical centers between Jan 2008 and June 2011. 40 patients were randomized and 19 patients in each group completed the study. Minocycline prophylaxis was given twice daily, at least for four doses prior to CABG. Primary outcome was defined as AKI [0.3 mg/dl increase in creatinine (Cr)] within 5 days after surgery. Daily serum Cr for 5 days, various clinical and hemodynamic measures and length of stay were recorded. Results: The two groups had similar baseline and intra-operative characteristics. The primary outcome occurred in 52.6 % of patients in the minocycline group as compared to 36.8 % of patients in the placebo group (p = 0.51). Peak Cr was 1.6 ± 0.7 vs. 1.5 ± 0.7 mg/dl (p = 0.45) in minocycline and placebo groups, respectively. Death at 30 days occurred in 0 vs. 10.5 % in the minocycline and placebo groups, respectively (p = 0.48). There were no differences in post-operative length of stay, and cardiovascular events between the two groups. There was a trend towards lower diastolic pulmonary artery pressure [16.8 ± 4.7 vs. 20.7 ± 6.6 mmHg (p = 0.059)] and central venous pressure [11.8 ± 4.3 vs. 14.6 ± 5.6 mmHg (p = 0.13)] in the minocycline group compared to placebo on the first day after surgery. Conclusions: Minocycline did not protect against AKI post-CABG.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)193-199
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nephrology
Volume28
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2015

Keywords

  • Acute kidney injury
  • Cardiac surgery
  • Minocycline

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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