Acute asthma management with IV magnesium in obese, overweight and non-overweight inner-city children

Audrey Uong, Patricia Hametz, Denzel Zhu, Adam Kopp, Karen Warman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: IV Magnesium (IV Mg) is increasingly used as adjunctive therapy for asthma exacerbations. In obese patients, delays in recognition of asthma severity may lead to delays in IV Mg administration. Our objective was to examine whether timing of IV Mg administration varied by Body Mass Index (BMI) category and whether this relates to hospitalization course. Methods: This is a retrospective chart review of IV Mg use for asthma in children 2–17 years of age hospitalized in an urban children’s hospital. Weight status was categorized by BMI percentile for age. The primary outcome was time to IV Mg administration. Secondary outcomes included admission to the intensive care unit, time to discharge readiness and Length of Stay (LOS). Continuous variables were analyzed using Student’s t-test or Mann-Whitney test, categorical variables with Chi-Square test or Fisher’s exact test, as appropriate. A linear regression model examined factors related to time to IV Mg administration. Results: In 2017, 361/698 (52%) of patients admitted with acute asthma received IV Mg. Of these, 210 patients met study criteria. Except for age, baseline characteristics did not vary by BMI category. No differences were found in Time to IV Mg, rates of admission to the intensive care unit, time to discharge readiness, or LOS comparing non-overweight to overweight or obese patients. Conclusions: In this sample of inner-city children who received IV Mg there were no differences in timing of IV Mg based on BMI category. Further work is needed to examine whether standardizing timing of IV Mg improves care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Asthma
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Asthma pathway
  • hospital based medicine
  • obesity
  • pediatrics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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