Three cases are reported in which placement of a vesicoamniotic shunt in utero for the treatment of obstructive uropathy led to the rare complication of abdominal wall hernia. All 3 patients underwent vesicoamniotic shunt placement for severe oligohydramnios and a markedly dilated bladder in an effort to preserve renal function and to prevent pulmonary hypoplasia. All three shunts were initially placed at or above the umbilicus. The abdominal wall hernias were closed postnatally at the time of temporary vesicostomy for urethral obstruction. All 3 patients had sufficient pulmonary development, but 2 of 3 had renal failure, requiring dialysis. Management and potential etiology of this rare complication are discussed. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.
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