Background: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the American Society of Anesthesiologists classification system could be used preoperatively to identify patients at high risk for complications after abdominal contouring. Methods: Using the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database from 2007 to 2012, patients undergoing abdominal contouring procedures were identified and stratified by American Society of Anesthesiologists class. The primary outcome was any complication within 30 days. Secondary outcomes included minor wound, major surgical, and medical complication. Adjusted odds ratios were calculated using logistic regression. Results: A total of 3637 patients were analyzed; 14.6 percent of patients were class I, 59.1 percent were class II, 23.4 percent were class III, and 2.9 percent were class IV. Overall complication and mortality rates were 12 percent and 0.2 percent, respectively. There was a significant trend of increasing odds of any complication with increasing class (class I, OR, 1.0; class II, OR, 1.5; class III, OR, 2.5; class IV, OR, 5.6; p-trend < 0.001). This trend was seen consistently for minor wound complications, medical complications, and major surgical complications (p = 0.007, p = 0.005, and p = 0.001, respectively). Conclusions: The American Society of Anesthesiologists classification system, which is simple and universally applicable, appears to predict significant complications and can be used to rapidly screen patients before abdominal contouring. Furthermore, the authors' results can be used to inform patient-physician discussion about the risks incurred when undergoing these procedures based on their individual class. Together with optimization of high-risk patients, patient selection using American Society of Anesthesiologists classification may prevent complications and improve outcomes. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Risk, II.
ASJC Scopus subject areas