A survey on the intended purposes and perceived utility of preoperative cardiology consultations

Robert I. Katz, Janice M. Barnhart, Gloria Ho, David Hersch, Stephen S. Dayan, Louis Keehn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cardiology consultations are often requested by surgeons and anesthesiologists for patients with cardiovascular disease. There can be confusion, however, regarding both the reasons for a consultation and their effect on patient management. This study was designed to determine the attitudes of physicians toward preoperative cardiology consultations and to assess the effect of such consultations on perioperative management. A multiple-choice survey regarding the purposes and utility of cardiology consultations was sent to randomly selected New York metropolitan area anesthesiologists, surgeons, and cardiologists. In addition, the charts of 55 consecutive patients aged >50 yr who received preoperative cardiology consultations were examined to determine the stated purpose of the consult, recommendations made, and concordance by surgeons and anesthesiologists with cardiologists' recommendations. Of the 400 surveys sent to each specialty, 192 were returned from anesthesiologists, 113 were returned from surgeons, and 129 were returned from cardiologists. There was substantial disagreement on the importance and purposes of a cardiology consult:intraoperative monitoring, 'clearing the patient for surgery,' and advising as to the safest type of anesthesia were regarded as important by most cardiologists and surgeons but as unimportant by anesthesiologists (all P < 0.05). Most surgeons (80.2%) felt obligated to follow a cardiologist's recommendations, whereas few anesthesiologists (16.6%) felt so obligated (P < 0.05). The most commonly stated purpose of the 55 cardiology consultations examined was 'preoperative evaluation.' Only 5 of these (9%) were obtained for patients in whom there was a new finding. Of the cardiology consultations, 40% contained no recommendations other than 'proceed with case,' 'cleared for surgery,' or 'continue current medications.' Recommendations regarding intraoperative monitoring or cardiac medications were largely ignored. Implications: We conclude that there seems to be considerable disagreement among anesthesiologists, cardiologists, and surgeons as to the purposes and utility of cardiology consultations. A review of 55 consecutive cardiology consultations suggests that most of them give little advice that truly affects management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)830-836
Number of pages7
JournalAnesthesia and Analgesia
Volume87
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998

Fingerprint

Cardiology
Referral and Consultation
Intraoperative Monitoring
Surveys and Questionnaires
Confusion
Anesthesiologists
Surgeons
Cardiologists
Cardiovascular Diseases
Anesthesia
Physicians

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

Cite this

A survey on the intended purposes and perceived utility of preoperative cardiology consultations. / Katz, Robert I.; Barnhart, Janice M.; Ho, Gloria; Hersch, David; Dayan, Stephen S.; Keehn, Louis.

In: Anesthesia and Analgesia, Vol. 87, No. 4, 1998, p. 830-836.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Katz, Robert I. ; Barnhart, Janice M. ; Ho, Gloria ; Hersch, David ; Dayan, Stephen S. ; Keehn, Louis. / A survey on the intended purposes and perceived utility of preoperative cardiology consultations. In: Anesthesia and Analgesia. 1998 ; Vol. 87, No. 4. pp. 830-836.
@article{7295a8d5003349b8b7deb136a482a471,
title = "A survey on the intended purposes and perceived utility of preoperative cardiology consultations",
abstract = "Cardiology consultations are often requested by surgeons and anesthesiologists for patients with cardiovascular disease. There can be confusion, however, regarding both the reasons for a consultation and their effect on patient management. This study was designed to determine the attitudes of physicians toward preoperative cardiology consultations and to assess the effect of such consultations on perioperative management. A multiple-choice survey regarding the purposes and utility of cardiology consultations was sent to randomly selected New York metropolitan area anesthesiologists, surgeons, and cardiologists. In addition, the charts of 55 consecutive patients aged >50 yr who received preoperative cardiology consultations were examined to determine the stated purpose of the consult, recommendations made, and concordance by surgeons and anesthesiologists with cardiologists' recommendations. Of the 400 surveys sent to each specialty, 192 were returned from anesthesiologists, 113 were returned from surgeons, and 129 were returned from cardiologists. There was substantial disagreement on the importance and purposes of a cardiology consult:intraoperative monitoring, 'clearing the patient for surgery,' and advising as to the safest type of anesthesia were regarded as important by most cardiologists and surgeons but as unimportant by anesthesiologists (all P < 0.05). Most surgeons (80.2{\%}) felt obligated to follow a cardiologist's recommendations, whereas few anesthesiologists (16.6{\%}) felt so obligated (P < 0.05). The most commonly stated purpose of the 55 cardiology consultations examined was 'preoperative evaluation.' Only 5 of these (9{\%}) were obtained for patients in whom there was a new finding. Of the cardiology consultations, 40{\%} contained no recommendations other than 'proceed with case,' 'cleared for surgery,' or 'continue current medications.' Recommendations regarding intraoperative monitoring or cardiac medications were largely ignored. Implications: We conclude that there seems to be considerable disagreement among anesthesiologists, cardiologists, and surgeons as to the purposes and utility of cardiology consultations. A review of 55 consecutive cardiology consultations suggests that most of them give little advice that truly affects management.",
author = "Katz, {Robert I.} and Barnhart, {Janice M.} and Gloria Ho and David Hersch and Dayan, {Stephen S.} and Louis Keehn",
year = "1998",
doi = "10.1097/00000539-199810000-00016",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "87",
pages = "830--836",
journal = "Anesthesia and Analgesia",
issn = "0003-2999",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A survey on the intended purposes and perceived utility of preoperative cardiology consultations

AU - Katz, Robert I.

AU - Barnhart, Janice M.

AU - Ho, Gloria

AU - Hersch, David

AU - Dayan, Stephen S.

AU - Keehn, Louis

PY - 1998

Y1 - 1998

N2 - Cardiology consultations are often requested by surgeons and anesthesiologists for patients with cardiovascular disease. There can be confusion, however, regarding both the reasons for a consultation and their effect on patient management. This study was designed to determine the attitudes of physicians toward preoperative cardiology consultations and to assess the effect of such consultations on perioperative management. A multiple-choice survey regarding the purposes and utility of cardiology consultations was sent to randomly selected New York metropolitan area anesthesiologists, surgeons, and cardiologists. In addition, the charts of 55 consecutive patients aged >50 yr who received preoperative cardiology consultations were examined to determine the stated purpose of the consult, recommendations made, and concordance by surgeons and anesthesiologists with cardiologists' recommendations. Of the 400 surveys sent to each specialty, 192 were returned from anesthesiologists, 113 were returned from surgeons, and 129 were returned from cardiologists. There was substantial disagreement on the importance and purposes of a cardiology consult:intraoperative monitoring, 'clearing the patient for surgery,' and advising as to the safest type of anesthesia were regarded as important by most cardiologists and surgeons but as unimportant by anesthesiologists (all P < 0.05). Most surgeons (80.2%) felt obligated to follow a cardiologist's recommendations, whereas few anesthesiologists (16.6%) felt so obligated (P < 0.05). The most commonly stated purpose of the 55 cardiology consultations examined was 'preoperative evaluation.' Only 5 of these (9%) were obtained for patients in whom there was a new finding. Of the cardiology consultations, 40% contained no recommendations other than 'proceed with case,' 'cleared for surgery,' or 'continue current medications.' Recommendations regarding intraoperative monitoring or cardiac medications were largely ignored. Implications: We conclude that there seems to be considerable disagreement among anesthesiologists, cardiologists, and surgeons as to the purposes and utility of cardiology consultations. A review of 55 consecutive cardiology consultations suggests that most of them give little advice that truly affects management.

AB - Cardiology consultations are often requested by surgeons and anesthesiologists for patients with cardiovascular disease. There can be confusion, however, regarding both the reasons for a consultation and their effect on patient management. This study was designed to determine the attitudes of physicians toward preoperative cardiology consultations and to assess the effect of such consultations on perioperative management. A multiple-choice survey regarding the purposes and utility of cardiology consultations was sent to randomly selected New York metropolitan area anesthesiologists, surgeons, and cardiologists. In addition, the charts of 55 consecutive patients aged >50 yr who received preoperative cardiology consultations were examined to determine the stated purpose of the consult, recommendations made, and concordance by surgeons and anesthesiologists with cardiologists' recommendations. Of the 400 surveys sent to each specialty, 192 were returned from anesthesiologists, 113 were returned from surgeons, and 129 were returned from cardiologists. There was substantial disagreement on the importance and purposes of a cardiology consult:intraoperative monitoring, 'clearing the patient for surgery,' and advising as to the safest type of anesthesia were regarded as important by most cardiologists and surgeons but as unimportant by anesthesiologists (all P < 0.05). Most surgeons (80.2%) felt obligated to follow a cardiologist's recommendations, whereas few anesthesiologists (16.6%) felt so obligated (P < 0.05). The most commonly stated purpose of the 55 cardiology consultations examined was 'preoperative evaluation.' Only 5 of these (9%) were obtained for patients in whom there was a new finding. Of the cardiology consultations, 40% contained no recommendations other than 'proceed with case,' 'cleared for surgery,' or 'continue current medications.' Recommendations regarding intraoperative monitoring or cardiac medications were largely ignored. Implications: We conclude that there seems to be considerable disagreement among anesthesiologists, cardiologists, and surgeons as to the purposes and utility of cardiology consultations. A review of 55 consecutive cardiology consultations suggests that most of them give little advice that truly affects management.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031715574&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031715574&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/00000539-199810000-00016

DO - 10.1097/00000539-199810000-00016

M3 - Article

C2 - 9768778

AN - SCOPUS:0031715574

VL - 87

SP - 830

EP - 836

JO - Anesthesia and Analgesia

JF - Anesthesia and Analgesia

SN - 0003-2999

IS - 4

ER -