X-chromosome inactivation is a remarkable epigenetic event in mammalian females that results in the transcriptional silencing of one of the pair of X chromosomes. However, not all X-linked genes are subject to inactivation, and in humans, the proportion of genes on the X chromosome that escapes inactivation is more than 15%. Here we examine the causes and consequences of failure to silence the entire X chromosome. We discuss the impact of the evolutionary history of the X (and Y) chromosome, and the bioinformatic approaches that promise to provide new insights into the genomic architecture of genes or regions that escape X-chromosome inactivation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Trends in Genetics|
|State||Published - Aug 1 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas