A single subset of dendritic cells controls the cytokine bias of natural killer T cell responses to diverse glycolipid antigens

Pooja Arora, Andres Baena, Karl O.A. Yu, Neeraj K. Saini, Shalu S. Kharkwal, Michael F. Goldberg, Shajo Kunnath-Velayudhan, Leandro J. Carreño, Manjunatha M. Venkataswamy, John Kim, Eszter Lazar-Molnar, Gregoire Lauvau, Young tae Chang, Zheng Liu, Robert Bittman, Aymen Al-Shamkhani, Liam R. Cox, Peter J. Jervis, Natacha Veerapen, Gurdyal S. BesraSteven A. Porcelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Many hematopoietic cell types express CD1d and are capable of presenting glycolipid antigens to invariant natural killer Tcells (iNKT cells). However, the question of which cells are the principal presenters of glycolipid antigens invivo remains controversial, and it has been suggested that this might vary depending on the structure of a particular glycolipid antigen. Here we have shown that a single type of cell, the CD8α+ DEC-205+ dendritic cell, was mainly responsible for capturing and presenting a variety of different glycolipid antigens, including multiple forms of α-galactosylceramide that stimulate widely divergent cytokine responses. After glycolipid presentation, these dendritic cells rapidly altered their expression of various costimulatory and coinhibitory molecules in a manner that was dependent on the structure of the antigen. These findings show flexibility in the outcome of two-way communication between CD8α+ dendritic cells and iNKT cells, providing a mechanism for biasing toward either proinflammatory or anti-inflammatory responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-116
Number of pages12
JournalImmunity
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 16 2014

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Arora, P., Baena, A., Yu, K. O. A., Saini, N. K., Kharkwal, S. S., Goldberg, M. F., Kunnath-Velayudhan, S., Carreño, L. J., Venkataswamy, M. M., Kim, J., Lazar-Molnar, E., Lauvau, G., Chang, Y. T., Liu, Z., Bittman, R., Al-Shamkhani, A., Cox, L. R., Jervis, P. J., Veerapen, N., ... Porcelli, S. A. (2014). A single subset of dendritic cells controls the cytokine bias of natural killer T cell responses to diverse glycolipid antigens. Immunity, 40(1), 105-116. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.immuni.2013.12.004