BACKGROUND: Current regimens for peripheral blood progenitor cell (PBPC) mobilization in patients with multiple myeloma are based on daily subcutaneous injections of granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) starting shortly after cytotoxic therapy. Recently a polyethylene glycol-conjugated G-CSF (pegfilgrastim) was introduced that has a substantially longer t1/2 than the original formula. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The use of pegfilgrastim was examined at two dose levels for PBPC mobilization in patients with Stage II or III multiple myeloma. Four days after cytotoxic therapy with cyclophosphamide (4 g/m2), a single dose of either 6 mg pegfilgrastim (n = 15) or 12 mg pegfilgrastim (n = 15) or daily doses of 8 μg per kg unconjugated G-CSF (n = 15) were administered. The number of circulating CD34+ cells was determined during white blood cell (WBC) recovery, and PBPC harvesting was performed by large-volume apheresis. RESULTS: Pegfilgrastim was equally potent at 6 and 12 mg with regard to mobilization and yield of CD34+ cells. No dose dependence was observed because CD34+ cell concentration peaks were 131 and 85 per μL, respectively, and CD34+ cell yield was 10.2 × 106 and 7.4 × 106 per kg of body weight, respectively. Pegfilgrastim in either dose was associated with a more rapid WBC recovery (p = 0.03) and an earlier performance of the first apheresis procedure (p < 0.05) in comparison to unconjugated G-CSF. No difference regarding CD34+ cell maximum and yield could be observed. CONCLUSION: A single dose of 6 mg pegfilgrastim is equally potent as 12 mg for mobilization and harvest of PBPCs in patients with multiple myeloma. Because no dose dependency was seen at these dose levels, this might be also true for even smaller doses.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy