A simple framework for assessing technical skills in a resident observed structured clinical examination (OSCE): Vaginal laceration repair

Abigail Ford Winkel, Veronica Lerner, Sondra R. Zabar, Demian Szyld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Educators of trainees in procedure-based specialties need focused assessment tools that are valid, objective, and assess technical skills in a realistic context. A framework for hybrid assessment using standardized patient scenarios and bench skills testing might facilitate evaluation of competency. Methods: Seven PGY-1 obstetrics and gynecology residents participated in a hybrid assessment that used observed structured clinical examination (OSCE) by a standardized patient who had sustained a vaginal laceration during vaginal delivery. The residents elicited a history and counseled the patient, and then completed a laceration repair on a pelvic model. The residents were rated on their performance in the scenario, which included issues of cultural competency, rapport-building, patient counseling. The technical skills were videotaped and rated using a modified global assessment form by 2 faculty members on a 3-point scale from "not done" to "partly done" to "well-done." Residents also completed a subjective assessment of the station. Results: Mean technical performance of the residents on the technical skills was 55% "well-done," with a range of 20%-90%. The assessment identified 3 residents as below the mean, and 1 resident with areas of deficiency. Subjective assessment by the residents was that juggling the technical, cognitive, and affective components of the examination was challenging. Conclusions: Technical skills can be included in a case-based assessment using scenarios that address a range of cognitive and affective skills required of physicians. Results may help training programs assess individuals' abilities as well as identify program needs for curricular improvement. This framework might be useful in setting standards for competency and identifying poor performers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10-14
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Surgical Education
Volume70
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • assessment
  • episiotomy
  • observed structured clinical examination
  • residency
  • technical skills
  • vaginal laceration repair

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Education

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