A review of reconstructive materials for use in craniofacial surgery bone fixation materials, bone substitutes, and distractors

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations


Over the last 40 years, craniofacial surgery, in general, and surgery for craniosynostosis, in particular, has witnessed the introduction of a number of new materials for use in operations involving the cranial vault. Some of these materials have proven quite useful over time, while others have failed to meet their stated objectives. In this review, the more popular implant materials are analyzed, and their relative merits and drawbacks are discussed. Craniofacial surgery in the pediatric population has its own unique limitations, quite different from the adult population and those issues are reviewed as well.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1577-1588
Number of pages12
JournalChild's Nervous System
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2012



  • Allograft cranioplasty
  • Autologous/autogenous cranioplasty
  • Bioabsorbable fixation
  • Biomaterial
  • Bone cement
  • Calvarial bone grafts
  • Craniosynostosis
  • Custom-made implants
  • Hydroxyapatite
  • Methyl methacrylate
  • Pediatric neurosurgery
  • Resorbable plates and screws
  • Skull defect

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology

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