A Review of Pathologic Myopia

Nilesh Raval, Joann J. Kang, Yu Hyon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Pathologic myopia is a leading cause of vision loss worldwide and is most prevalent in developed nations in East and Southeast Asia. Although the pathophysiologic mechanisms behind pathologic myopia have yet to be elucidated, the process is thought to stem from excessive axial elongation of the globe and subsequent degeneration of vital structures within the posterior segment. The array of complications that arise from this condition can lead to significant visual impairment. The purpose of this article is to review the classification, pathophysiology, complications, and management of pathologic myopia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)403-409
Number of pages7
JournalEye and Contact Lens
Volume48
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2022

Keywords

  • Choroidal neovascularization
  • Foveoschisis
  • Pathologic myopia
  • Refractive error
  • Retinal detachment
  • Staphyloma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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