Purpose: This trial aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of olipudase alfa enzyme replacement therapy for non–central nervous system manifestations of acid sphingomyelinase deficiency (ASMD) in adults. Methods: A phase 2/3, 52 week, international, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial (ASCEND; NCT02004691/EudraCT 2015-000371-26) enrolled 36 adults with ASMD randomized 1:1 to receive olipudase alfa or placebo intravenously every 2 weeks with intrapatient dose escalation to 3 mg/kg. Primary efficacy endpoints were percent change from baseline to week 52 in percent predicted diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide and spleen volume (combined with splenomegaly-related score in the United States). Other outcomes included liver volume/function/sphingomyelin content, pulmonary imaging/function, platelet levels, lipid profiles, and pharmacodynamics. Results: Least square mean percent change from baseline to week 52 favored olipudase alfa over placebo for percent predicted diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (22% vs 3.0% increases, P =.0004), spleen volume (39% decrease vs 0.5% increase, P <.0001), and liver volume (28% vs 1.5% decreases, P <.0001). Splenomegaly-related score decreased in both groups (P =.64). Other clinical outcomes improved in the olipudase alfa group compared with the placebo group. There were no treatment-related serious adverse events or adverse event–related discontinuations. Most adverse events were mild. Conclusion: Olipudase alfa was well tolerated and associated with significant and comprehensive improvements in disease pathology and clinically relevant endpoints compared with placebo in adults with ASMD.
- Diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide
- Niemann-Pick type A/B
- Niemann-Pick type B
- Recombinant human acid sphingo-myelinase
ASJC Scopus subject areas