Objectives: Receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) expressed on adipocytes and immune cells can bind to ligand Nε-(carboxymethyl)-lysine (CML) and trigger dysregulation of adipokines and chronic inflammation. Soluble RAGE (sRAGE) mitigates the detrimental effect of RAGE. We examined the associations between circulating levels of CML-AGE and sRAGE and colorectal cancer (CRC). Methods: In a case-cohort study of the Women's Health Initiative Study, blood levels of CML-AGE and sRAGE were measured using ELISA. We used multivariable Cox regression model to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of incident CRC in relation to quartiles (Q) of biomarker levels. Results: Average follow-up was 7.8 years for 444 cases and 805 subcohort members. In the subcohort, CML-AGE and sRAGE were inversely correlated with BMI (P values < 0.0001). Levels of CML-AGE and sRAGE were not associated with CRC. In BMI-specific analysis, the association between sRAGE and CRC was observed. Among women with BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2, those with highest levels of sRAGE had significantly lower risk for CRC as compared to women with lowest levels of sRAGE (HRQ4 versus Q1: 0.39; 95% CI: 0.17-0.91). This inverse association was not observed among women with BMI <25 kg/m2 (P value for interaction = 0.01). Conclusions: Among postmenopausal women, the RAGE pathway may be involved in obesity-related CRC.
- Advanced glycation end-products
- Body weight
- Colorectal cancer
- Pattern recognition receptors
- Receptor for advanced glycosylation end-products
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research