A program evaluation study of a nursing home operated as a modified therapeutic community for chemically dependent persons with AIDS: Project Samaritan AIDS Services, Inc.'s Residential Health Care Facility, Highbridge Section, Bronx, NY

Jerome F.X. Carroll, John J. McGovern, John J. McGinley, Juan Carlos Torres, James R. Walker, Eileen S. Pagan, Frank A. Biafora

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

An interagency evaluation of the treatment effectiveness of a speciality nursing home (NH) run as a therapeutic community (TC) for residents diagnosed with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and substance abuse/dependence (SA/D) was conducted. A total of 79 chemically dependent men and women with AIDS were: (a) administered the Tennessee Self-Concept Scale (TSCS; Roid and Fitts, 1991) at initial testing (T1) and 8 months after their initial testing (T2); and (b) assessed on specific physical health indicators (i.e., weight, CD-4 count, and viral load) and other treatment outcomes (e.g., abstinence) over the same two time periods. The TSCS results identified a valid and invalid TSCS test group and further distinguished among three subgroups of invalid responders. Significant improvements were observed from T1 testing to T2 testing on the TSCS, on the physical health indicators, and on other treatment outcomes. The need for additional and continued mental health services for this population was noted. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)373-386
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Volume18
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2000
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • HIV/AIDS
  • Nursing home
  • Program evaluation
  • Substance abuse
  • Therapeutic community

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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