A perspective on oxygenated species in the refinery integration of pyrolysis oil

Michael S. Talmadge, Robert M. Baldwin, Mary J. Biddy, Robert L. McCormick, Gregg T. Beckham, Glen A. Ferguson, Stefan Czernik, Kimberly A. Magrini-Bair, Thomas D. Foust, Peter D. Metelski, Casey Hetrick, Mark R. Nimlos

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

118 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pyrolysis offers a rapid and efficient means to depolymerize lignocellulosic biomass, resulting in gas, liquid, and solid products with varying yields and compositions depending on the process conditions. With respect to manufacture of "drop-in" liquid transportation fuels from biomass, a potential benefit from pyrolysis arises from the production of a liquid or vapor that could possibly be integrated into existing refinery infrastructure, thus offsetting the capital-intensive investment needed for a smaller scale, standalone biofuels production facility. However, pyrolysis typically yields a significant amount of reactive, oxygenated species including organic acids, aldehydes, ketones, and oxygenated aromatics. These oxygenated species present significant challenges that will undoubtedly require pre-processing of a pyrolysis-derived stream before the pyrolysis oil can be integrated into the existing refinery infrastructure. Here we present a perspective of how the overall chemistry of pyrolysis products must be modified to ensure optimal integration in standard petroleum refineries, and we explore the various points of integration in the refinery infrastructure. In addition, we identify several research and development needs that will answer critical questions regarding the technical and economic feasibility of refinery integration of pyrolysis-derived products.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)407-453
Number of pages47
JournalGreen Chemistry
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

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pyrolysis
Oils
Pyrolysis
oil
infrastructure
liquid
Liquids
Biomass
Petroleum refineries
Biofuels
Organic acids
biomass
ketone
aldehyde
refinery
Ketones
Aldehydes
organic acid
biofuel
research and development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Pollution

Cite this

Talmadge, M. S., Baldwin, R. M., Biddy, M. J., McCormick, R. L., Beckham, G. T., Ferguson, G. A., ... Nimlos, M. R. (2014). A perspective on oxygenated species in the refinery integration of pyrolysis oil. Green Chemistry, 16(2), 407-453. https://doi.org/10.1039/c3gc41951g

A perspective on oxygenated species in the refinery integration of pyrolysis oil. / Talmadge, Michael S.; Baldwin, Robert M.; Biddy, Mary J.; McCormick, Robert L.; Beckham, Gregg T.; Ferguson, Glen A.; Czernik, Stefan; Magrini-Bair, Kimberly A.; Foust, Thomas D.; Metelski, Peter D.; Hetrick, Casey; Nimlos, Mark R.

In: Green Chemistry, Vol. 16, No. 2, 01.02.2014, p. 407-453.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Talmadge, MS, Baldwin, RM, Biddy, MJ, McCormick, RL, Beckham, GT, Ferguson, GA, Czernik, S, Magrini-Bair, KA, Foust, TD, Metelski, PD, Hetrick, C & Nimlos, MR 2014, 'A perspective on oxygenated species in the refinery integration of pyrolysis oil', Green Chemistry, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 407-453. https://doi.org/10.1039/c3gc41951g
Talmadge MS, Baldwin RM, Biddy MJ, McCormick RL, Beckham GT, Ferguson GA et al. A perspective on oxygenated species in the refinery integration of pyrolysis oil. Green Chemistry. 2014 Feb 1;16(2):407-453. https://doi.org/10.1039/c3gc41951g
Talmadge, Michael S. ; Baldwin, Robert M. ; Biddy, Mary J. ; McCormick, Robert L. ; Beckham, Gregg T. ; Ferguson, Glen A. ; Czernik, Stefan ; Magrini-Bair, Kimberly A. ; Foust, Thomas D. ; Metelski, Peter D. ; Hetrick, Casey ; Nimlos, Mark R. / A perspective on oxygenated species in the refinery integration of pyrolysis oil. In: Green Chemistry. 2014 ; Vol. 16, No. 2. pp. 407-453.
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