A group of 72 term infants with significant respiratory complications were compared with 11,428 term infants delivered during the same time period and without respiratory morbidity. Compared with controls, the study group had a higher incidence of postdatism (36 versus 7%), intrauterine growth retardation (33 versus 8%), meconium-stained amniotic fluid (AF) (90 versus 9%), fetal heart rate (FHR) abnormalities upon admission to labor and delivery (58 versus 7%), and low 5-minute Apgar scores (46 versus 1.4%). Even in the presence of normal intrapartum FHR and 5-minute Apgar scores, infants with meconium-stained AF had an incidence of respiratory complications 100 times higher than those with clear AF. Of infants with a low 5-minute Apgar score at birth, only 20% went on to develop respiratory complications. The remaining 80% had a significantly lower incidence of postdatism, intrauterine growth retardation, and meconium-stained AF.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Obstetrics and gynecology|
|State||Published - Feb 1992|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology