Pemetrexed is a novel antifolate effective in the treatment of mesothelioma. Studies were undertaken to characterize the transport of this antifolate in this tumor. We report the presence of a novel, concentrative high-affinity transport activity in three human mesothelioma cell lines, characterized in detail in the NCI-H28 line, with a pemetrexed influx Kt of 30 nM and Vmax of 10 nmol/g protein/min. This route is highly specific for pemetrexed, with a substrate specificity pattern quite different from that of the reduced folate carrier and folate receptors. In particular, there is an apparent relatively low affinity for other antifolate inhibitors of dihydrofolate-reductase (MTX, aminopterin, PT523) and thymidylate synthase (ZD1694, ZD9331). Besides its impact on the transport of pemetrexed, this high-affinity route may represent another pathway by which physiological folates are transported into human cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 15 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research