A new complementary DNA (cDNA) clone has been isolated by differential screening of a cDNA library. The cognate RNA of this clone, called SC1, is growth regulated in human, mouse, and hamster cell lines. Its kinetics of growth regulation (time of increase in mRNA levels, sensitivity to cycloheximide, behavior in G1-specific temperature-sensitive mutants) classify the SC1 gene as a late growth-regulated gene, like the histone genes and the genes coding for the proteins of the DNA synthesis apparatus. By run-on assay, there is a modest increase in transcriptional rates after serum stimulation, which is not sufficient to explain the sharp increase in mRNA levels. The SC1 gene localizes to human chromosome 6p21-22. In bacteria, the SC1 cDNA clone makes a protein of Mr 39,000, in agreement with the putative reading frame. The amino acid sequence derived from the cDNA sequence indicates a previously unknown gene with a domain strongly suggestive of a trans-activating domain. The SC1 gene can be considered as coding for a possible new trans-activating factor that could play an important role in the transcription of genes required for the later stages of cell cycle progression.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Cell growth & differentiation : the molecular biology journal of the American Association for Cancer Research|
|State||Published - Apr 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology