A long-term hepatitis B viremia model generated by transplanting nontumorigenic immortalized human hepatocytes in Rag-2-deficient mice

Jennifer J. Brown, Bhupesh Parashar, Han Moshage, Kathryn E. Tanaka, Dean Engelhardt, Elazar Rabbani, Namita Roy-Chowdhury, Jayanta Roy-Chowdhury

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Scopus citations

Abstract

Development of new therapies for human hepatitis B virus infection (HBV) would be greatly facilitated by the availability of a suitable small-animal model for HBV virus production in vivo. To develop a murine model for HBV production, we established an immortalized, cloned liver cell line by transferring the Simian Virus 40 Large T-Antigen into primary human hepatocytes. These cells were stably transfected with a full-length HBV genome to generate a clone that expresses HBV genes and replicates HBV. The HBV-producing cells were transplanted into the livers of mice with combined immunodeficiency (Rag-2 deficient) by intrasplenic injection. Survival of the engrafted human hepatocytes was shown in several ways: fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) with a human-chromosome-specific DNA probe (human alpha satellite), dot-blot hybridization of the genomic DNA extracted from liver biopsy specimens with a human-specific Alu repetitive DNA probe, Blur-8, as well as with an HBV DNA probe, and secretion of human proteins into plasma. Histological examination of mouse liver up to 8 months following human cell transplant shows completely normal architecture. Determination of plasma HBV DNA levels indicated that engrafted cells secreted 3 x 107 to 3 x 108 virions per mL into the blood, and HBsAg was detected in plasma. This new murine model of HBV viremia should be useful for in vivo HBV studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)173-181
Number of pages9
JournalHepatology
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology

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