A heteromorphic protein-tyrosine phosphatase, PTPφ, is regulated by CSF-1 in macrophages

Fiona J. Pixley, Pierre S.W. Lee, Melissa G. Dominguez, Douglas B. Einstein, E. Richard Stanley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

A novel protein-tyrosine phosphatase, PTPφ, was cloned from a murine macrophage cDNA library. As a result of alternative splicing, macrophage PTPφ mRNAs are predicted to encode two membrane-spanning molecules and a cytosolic enzyme with identical catalytic domains. The membrane-spanning forms differ in the juxtamembrane region, while a start codon downstream of this region is utilized in the translation of the putative cytosolic form. Expression of PTPφ mRNA is low and restricted to macrophage cell lines, macrophage-rich tissues, and brain, kidney, and heart. The mRNA in macrophages and heart is ∼2.8 kilobases (kb). However, a ∼5.5-kb transcript in brain and kidney indicates a fourth isoform encoding a large extracellular domain. The ∼5.5-kb PTPφ brain mRNA encodes the mouse homolog of GLEPP1, a recently reported glomerular epithelial protein. The level of expression of the mRNA encoding the cytosolic form was very low, and only the membrane-spanning proteins (43 and 47 kDa) could be detected in macrophages. Following addition of colony stimulating factor-1 to quiescent BAC1.2F5 macrophages, PTPφ mRNA and protein were down-regulated. The restricted expression of the shorter isoforms of PTPφ and their regulation by colony stimulating factor-1 in macrophages suggest that PTPφ may play a role in mononuclear phagocyte survival, proliferation, and/or differentiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27339-27347
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume270
Issue number45
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 10 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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    Pixley, F. J., Lee, P. S. W., Dominguez, M. G., Einstein, D. B., & Stanley, E. R. (1995). A heteromorphic protein-tyrosine phosphatase, PTPφ, is regulated by CSF-1 in macrophages. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 270(45), 27339-27347. https://doi.org/10.1074/jbc.270.45.27339