A graves' disease-associated Kozak sequence single-nucleotide polymorphism enhances the efficiency of CD40 gene translation: A case for translational pathophysiology

Eric M. Jacobson, Erlinda Concepcion, Taiji Oashi, Yaron Tomer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

151 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We analyzed the mechanism by which a Graves' disease-associated C/T polymorphism in the Kozak sequence of CD40 affects CD40 expression. CD40 expression levels on B cells in individuals with CT and TT genotypes were decreased by 13.3 and 39.4%, respectively, compared with the levels in CC genotypes (P = 0.012). Similarly, Rat-2 fibroblasts transfected with T-allele cDNA expressed 32.2% less CD40 compared with their C-allele-transfected counterparts (P = 0.004). Additionally, an in vitro transcription/translation system showed that the T-allele makes 15.5% less CD40 than the C-allele (P <0.001), demonstrating that the effect of the single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) on CD40 expression is at the level of translation. However, the SNP did not affect transcription, because the mRNA levels of CD40, as measured by quantitative RT-PCR, were independent of genotype. Therefore, our results may suggest that the C allele of the CD40 Kozak SNP, which is associated with Graves' disease, could predispose to disease by increasing the efficiency of translation of CD40 mRNA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2684-2691
Number of pages8
JournalEndocrinology
Volume146
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2005
Externally publishedYes

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Graves Disease
Single Nucleotide Polymorphism
Alleles
Genes
Genotype
Protein Biosynthesis
B-Lymphocytes
Complementary DNA
Fibroblasts
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Messenger RNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

A graves' disease-associated Kozak sequence single-nucleotide polymorphism enhances the efficiency of CD40 gene translation : A case for translational pathophysiology. / Jacobson, Eric M.; Concepcion, Erlinda; Oashi, Taiji; Tomer, Yaron.

In: Endocrinology, Vol. 146, No. 6, 06.2005, p. 2684-2691.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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