A dosimetric analysis of tomotherapy based intensity modulated radiation therapy with and without bone marrow sparing in gynecologic malignancies

Christopher S. Platta, Adam Bayliss, Derek McHaffie, Wolfgang A. Tomé, Margaret R. Straub, Kristin A. Bradley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Whole pelvic radiotherapy with concurrent chemotherapy is the standard of care for locally advanced cervical carcinoma. Published literature reports that the pelvic bone marrow (BM) dosimetric parameters of V10 > 90% and V20 > 80% are associated with higher rates of hematologic toxicities using this approach. Here, we investigate the ability of Tomotherapy based intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) to reduce dose to pelvic BM while evaluating dose distribution to critical structures and planning target volume (PTV) coverage. Ten patients were selected for analysis. Normal structures, whole pelvic BM, PTV contours, and IMRT objects were standardized. Two whole pelvis Tomotherapy plans were created for each patient, one standard plan, and one with the addition of a BM sparing (BMS) constraint (V10 <85%, V20 < 80%). Data were calculated from multiple points with regard to BM dose, normal structure dose, and PTV coverage. Differences in dose distributions between the two sets of plans were analyzed using a paired t-test. The addition of a BMS planning constraint resulted in significant decreases in pelvic BM dose at the following dosimetric points: V5, V10, V15, V20, V30, V40, V50, and mean dose (p < 0.05 for all points). There were no significant differences in dose to small bowel, bladder or rectum, with the exception of one data point (small bowel V30, p = 0.004) between the two sets of plans. There was no sacrifice of PTV coverage or loss of homogeneity with the addition of a BMS planning constraint. BMS-IMRT significantly reduces radiation dose to the pelvic BM while maintaining the ability to spare dose to the small bowel, bladder and rectum. The planning constraints were met without violation of study criteria, and without sacrifice of PTV coverage. Further investigation is warranted to determine if rates of hematologic toxicity improve with utilization of Tomotherapy based BMS-IMRT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-29
Number of pages11
JournalTechnology in Cancer Research and Treatment
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 19 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bone marrow sparing
  • Cervical cancer
  • Endometrial cancer
  • IMRT
  • Tomotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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