A dose schedule for intraarticular steroids in juvenile arthritis

B. Anne Eberhard, Norman T. Ilowite, Cristina Sison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. To determine whether the intraarticular (IA) dose of triamcinolone hexacetonide (TH) or triamcinolone acetonide (TA) influences time to relapse among patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Methods. The primary endpoint variable was the time to relapse of arthritis in the affected joint after an intraarticular (IA) injection. A relapse was defined as the reoccurrence of active arthritis in the injected joint. Analysis was carried out including only the first IA joint injection for each patient. Further analysis was conducted including the first knee injection alone. A separate analysis within the IA cortico-steroid groups was performed using the Spearman rank coefficient, to determine if dose of IA steroid affected time to relapse. Results. Records from 186 patients with JIA (145 females, 41 males) injected with either TH or TA were collected from January 1995 through December 2003. All subjects were followed for a minimum of 15 months from the time of IA injection. Of the 794 joint injections, 422 (53.1%) were injected with TH and 372 (46.9%) with TA. There were 111 first joint injections (all joints) with TH and 70 with TA. There were 89 first joint injections (knee only) with TH and 56 with TA. TH proved more effective than TA with respect to the time to relapse for first injection into all joints (10.47 ± 0.42 mo vs 8.66 ± 0.59 mo; p < 0.001), and for first injections into knee only (11.04 ± 0.44 vs 8.99 ± 0.65 mo; p < 0.001). IA doses ranged from 0.4 to 4 mg/kg (mean 1.56 ± 0.76) for TH and from 0.5 to 8 mg/kg (mean 2.54 ± 1.74) for TA. There was no correlation between time to relapse and dose of either TH and TA (r = 0.1, p > 0.5). There was no correlation between time to relapse and sex, duration of illness, age of patient, concurrent medications, or subtype of JIA. Conclusion. In a larger dataset (794 injections) we have confirmed our previous findings (227 injections) that TH is a more effective IA corticosteroid than TA. In this much larger data analysis, dose of IA corticosteroid in the range we studied did not significantly influence the duration of response. The Journal of Rheumatology

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)374-376
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Rheumatology
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2012

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Arthritis
  • Childhood
  • Intraarticular steroids
  • Treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Cite this