A Critical Evaluation of Enzyme Immunoassay Kits for Detection of Antinuclear Autoantibodies of Defined Specificities. III. Comparative Performance Characteristics of Academic and Manufacturers' Laboratories

Marvin J. Fritzler, Allan Wiik, Eng M. Tan, Josef S. Smolen, J. Steven McDougal, Edward K.L. Chan, Thomas P. Gordon, John A. Hardin, Joachim R. Kalden, Robert G. Lahita, Ravinder N. Maini, Westley H. Reeves, Naomi F. Rothfield, Yoshinari Takasaki, Merlin Wilson, Martha G. Byrd, Lloyd Slivka, James A. Koziol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. To analyze the performance of different commercial enzyme immunoassay (EIA) kits for measuring antinuclear antibodies (ANA) specific for dsDNA, SSB/La, Sm, and Scl-70. Methods. EIA kits for detection of ANA from 9 commercial manufacturers were evaluated. The manufacturers were advised that they would be sent coded sera containing mixtures of the Arthritis Foundation/Centers for Disease Control reference reagents, and that they were to use their own test kits to analyze the antibody specificities of these sera and to report the data, in optical density (OD) units or their equivalent. Independently, 12 investigators in academic institutions who have done research in this field agreed to participate in a parallel study. The concentration of the antibodies and the specificities were blinded to the analysts and the coefficients of variation (CV) were computed for each participant. Results. There were statistically significant differences between laboratories in terms of CV for all 9 kits tested. With the exception of one kit, there were no significant CV differences between the various autoantibody kits provided by each manufacturer and, with the exception of kits from 2 manufacturers, there were no significant differences between the various antibody kits in terms of reproducibility (CV). From the point of view of interlaboratory variability, manufacturers could be separated into either a high or low performance group. Conclusion. We found a disconcertingly large range of performance characteristics in the various laboratories, which could be quite detrimental in routine utilization of EIA ANA kits. Clinicians should be aware of the performance issues raised in our study, and should know and be involved in how their service laboratory assesses its own performance and the performance of commercial testing systems utilized. Manufacturers and clinical laboratories need to exercise constant quality assurance and surveillance of kit performance in the hands of medical laboratory technologists involved in routine testing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2374-2381
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Rheumatology
Volume30
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 2003

Keywords

  • Autoantibodies
  • Autoantibody
  • Autoimmunity
  • Diagnosis
  • Diagnostic kits
  • Elisa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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    Fritzler, M. J., Wiik, A., Tan, E. M., Smolen, J. S., McDougal, J. S., Chan, E. K. L., Gordon, T. P., Hardin, J. A., Kalden, J. R., Lahita, R. G., Maini, R. N., Reeves, W. H., Rothfield, N. F., Takasaki, Y., Wilson, M., Byrd, M. G., Slivka, L., & Koziol, J. A. (2003). A Critical Evaluation of Enzyme Immunoassay Kits for Detection of Antinuclear Autoantibodies of Defined Specificities. III. Comparative Performance Characteristics of Academic and Manufacturers' Laboratories. Journal of Rheumatology, 30(11), 2374-2381.